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[jamsat-news:3110] ANS-267 AMSAT News Service Weekly Bulletins


ANS is a free, weekly, news and information service of AMSAT North
America, The Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation. ANS reports on the
activities of a worldwide group of Amateur Radio operators who share an
active interest in designing, building, launching and communicating
through analog and digital Amateur Radio satellites.

Please send any amateur satellite news or reports to:
ans-editor at amsat.org

In this edition:

* September 23 Last Day for Reduced Symposium Registration Rate
* 2012 Barry Goldwater Amateur Radio Award to Bill Tynan, W3XO
* AMSAT Awards
* Silent Key: John Beanland, G3BVU
* Official Statement of the AMSAT-DL BoD About P3E & P5
* CubeSat Deployment From ISS Set for September 27
* Dedicated University CubeSat Downlinks on the Table for ITU WRC-18
* BUAA-SAT 435/145 MHz FM Amateur Radio Satellite Planned for 2014
* ARISS Rolls on With Successful School Contacts
* NASA Offers Opportunity to Use Communications Testbed on ISS
* Satellite Shorts From All Over

SB SAT @ AMSAT $ANS-267.01
ANS-267 AMSAT News Service Weekly Bulletins

AMSAT News Service Bulletin 267.01
September 23, 2012
BID: $ANS-267.01


September 23 Last Day for Reduced Symposium Registration Rate

AMSAT announces the 2012 AMSAT Space Symposium will be held on
Friday, October 26th through Sunday, October 28th. 

See the AMSAT Web Store to complete your on-line registration:

Symposium Registration including Proceedings
   o Through September 23, 2012:  $ 45.00
   o Starting September 24, 2012: $ 50.00
   o At the Door:                 $ 55.00

Downloadable paper registration forms in MS-Word format and
PDF format are available on the 2012 Symposium page:

The Symposium Hotel is the Holiday Inn at Orlando-International
Airport is located one mile from the Orlando International Airport
(MCO). The AMSAT discount rate is $99 + taxes per night. The reser-
vation block code used when calling the hotel directly is AMT.

The hotel telephone number is 407-851-6400. The Symposium Committee
recommends you make reservations by calling the hotel directly rather
than through the Web. Cutoff date for reservations is Oct 6, 2012.
The direct link to the hotel web page is:

The Symposium Schedule web page has been updated with links to find
more information about the planned activities. See:

[ANS thanks the 2012 Symposium Committee for the above information]


2012 Barry Goldwater Amateur Radio Award to Bill Tynan, W3XO

The Radio Club of America announced this week that William A. 
Tynan, W3XO, is the recipient of its 2012 Barry Goldwater Ama-
teur Radio Award. The award recognizes Bill's lifelong service 
to the public through amateur radio.  It will be presented at 
the club's annual awards banquet in New York on November 16th. 
ARRL CEO David Sumner, K1ZZ, like Bill a club Fellow, will be 
the keynote speaker.

Bill, one of AMSAT's charter members, is a past President and 
Chairman of the Board. For many years, he conducted QST's mon-
thly column, "The World Above 50 MHz." He is also a past Presi-
dent of the Central States VHF Society. Bill played a key role 
in the origination of amateur radio from the Space Shuttle and 
the International Space Station.

The Radio Club of America, founded in 1909, is the world's old-
est radio communications association.  For more information, see: 

Congratulations, Bill!

[ANS thanks Ray Soifer, W2RS for the above information]


AMSAT Awards

AMSAT Director Contests and Awards, Bruce Paige, KK5DO says congrat-
ulations are in order for our latest AMSAT Awards recipients.

The following have entered into the Satellite Communicators Club for 
making their first satellite QSO.
+ Steven Holland, KC9TTQ
+ Ron Reiter, KD8SEV
+ Dan Kowell, AL7RS
+ Michael Mustachia, KF5PHA
+ Randy Morden, VE6RGU
+ Glyn Dodwell, GM4CFS

The following have earned the AMSAT Communications Achievement Award.
+ Kenneth Holland, KC9TTR, #550

The following have earned the South Africa Satellite Communications 
Achievement Award.
+ Kenneth Holland, KC9TTR, #US179

The following have earned their Robert W. Barbee, Jr. W4AMI Award
+ Theo Doty, AA5CK, #79

To see all the awards visit http://www.amsat.org.

[ANS thanks Bruce Paige, KK5DO for the above information]


Silent Key: John Beanland, G3BVU

AMSAT has received the sad news on the passing of John Beanland, 
G3BVU. John was an avid AMSAT member and helped man the AMSAT booth 
at the Boxboro Hamfest over the years. His friends remember John to
be outgoing and enthusiastic about amateur radio in space. AMSAT
President Barry Baines, WD4ASW noted, "AMSAT has lost a good friend 
and enthusiastic member."

Charles "John" Beanland, born in Witney, England was 85 years old 
passed away on September 21, 2012 after a long illness. John enlist-
ed in the UK Navy during WWII. He was first licensed as G3BVU in 
1947. He worked for Post Office in Engineering and English Electri-
cal Valve where he worked on Guided Weapons. He later joined Texas 
Instruments and finally Microwave Associates, UK where he developed 
VHF solid state power amplifiers all while attending and receiving 
BS degrees in Electrical Engineering, Radio and Telecommunications.

Microwave Associates transferred him from the UK to Burlington, MA 
in 1963. In 1966 he joined the MITRE Corporation in Bedford, MA as 
a Member of the Technical Staff working on microwave systems and 
Over The Horizon Radar (OTHR) HF direction finding systems until his 
retirement in 1993. During that time he received his Masters Degree 
in Electrical Engineering from Northeastern University. In 1972 he 
acquired Spectrum International, specializing in antennas, filters, 
VHF transverters and satellite tracking systems which he operated 
until his passing. He later received his US call sign, AA1YE and 
taught Amateur Radio licensing courses and HF radio propagation 
at local radio clubs.

John was married to Dorothy Beanland for over 57 years. They have 
3 children and 3 grandchildren. He resided in West Acton, MA. A 
wake will be held on Monday, September 24th from 5-8 PM at the 
Acton Funeral Home on Rt. 111 in Acton, MA. A burial service will 
be held at the Church of the Good Shepherd in Acton, MA at 10 AM, 
Tuesday, September 25th followed by burial in Acton, MA.

[ANS thanks Joe Reisert, W1JR and Barry Baines, WD4ASW for the 
 above information]


Official Statement of the AMSAT-DL BoD About P3E & P5

Dear All,

The following News will appear as an Editorial in our up-coming 
AMSAT-DL Journal.

Because of the importance of the contents the AMSAT-DL BOD and Pro-
ject Leaders decided to give this information to all team members 
who are currently or who were directly or indirectly involved in 
the past ... We want to make sure that our members get it from us 
and not from any rumours on the net ... Thanks.

While the decision of DLR is hitting us hard, this is not yet the 
end. I recently had some interesting meetings in China and if we 
can't do Rocket Science in DL, we have to look for other countries.

But please read below ... We hope you will support us also in future 
and if you want to re-join, you are also much welcome. AMSAT needs 
YOU!! If we missed someone from the members, please forward this 

Best wishes
Peter DB2OS
Hartmut DL1YDD
Michael DD5ER

DLR rejects P5-/Mascot-2 project

Dear Members and Friends of AMSAT-DL, discussions with the German 
Ministry of Economics and the German space agency DLR spanned more 
than 5 years. Amongst others, we met with State Secretary for Space 
and Aerospace Hinze, DLR chairman Prof. Wrner and the DLR Program 
Board. In 2009 AMSAT-DL, in collaboration with the DLR Institute 
for Space Systems in Bremen, conducted two complex Concurrent Engin-
eering studies.

They were jointly presented to the DLR program board in Kln-Porz 
in 2010.

The final documentation confirmed the feasibility of the P5 project, 
both to the Moon and to Mars.

In October and November 2011 another two P5 meetings with DLR chair-
man Prof. Wrner, Ministry MinDirig Engelhard, representatives of 
DLR IRS Bremen and AMSAT-DL BOD took place. Topics were feasibility 
and financing model.

It turned out that the ministry had a different perception of the 
(DLR-) payloads.

DLR was asked to reconsider their payloads. Both AMSAT-DL BOD and 
IRS Bremen left the meetings with positive feelings.

Then it turned out that, since completion of the 2009 joint study, 
the P5 scientific appeal is apparently no longer attractive. There-
fore it was jointly searched for modifications to regain a payload 
appeal that was attested in 2009. AMSAT-DL proposed landing part 
of the payload on Mars moon Deimos or Phobos. Our calculations show-
ed that this is feasible with reasonable effort. The landing would 
be a particularly unique feature of the P5 mission.

After repeated enquiries we received a letter from DLR at end of 
June where they stated that "the DLR Program Board comes to the 
conclusion, that pursuit of the P5 idea is infeasible and also 
financially infeasible."

We repeatedly approached the DLR Program Board since then. The asser-
tion was that any P5 mission will not fly with DLR: the scientific 
attraction was, compared with the current Mars missions, insufficient.

The primary reason for this is that the P5 MARS orbit is limited 
due to the low-cost character of the mission. From this orbit no 
attractive science is possible. Obviously our P5 mission is now 
compared with regular missions which cost hundreds of millions 
of Euro.

This rejection has a wide impact on AMSAT-DL. Activities of all 
involved persons, including in the P3-E project, was shaped for 
years by the P5 mission.

It was assumed that P3-E was to be launched as part of the P5 mis-
sion. This path is obstructed now.

We maintain our contacts with the various launching agencies able 
to launch P3-E into an appropriate orbit. The tremendous launching 
costs kept us from more concrete talks so far. Just recently good 
contact with AMSAT China (CAMSAT) was established. China has suit-
able launchers to bring payloads into GTO. Moreover, China has dis-
covered that amateur radio is a means of motivating young people to 
technical university studies.

Furthermore we are very actively exploiting a potential shared ride 
of an amateur radio payload on a new geostationary satellite. We 
have already submitted a formal project proposal. The satellite will 
be visible from Europe.

No antenna tracking will be necessary. The big advantage of this 
project is that due to the operational requirements of the primary 
payload, our launching and commissioning is tied to the not too 
far future.

The 20m dish antenna at Bochum observatory was originally refurbish-
ed and upgraded for the P5 mission and is presently used for Deep 
Space Mission and amateur radio purposes. The automatic reception 
of the STEREO probes and data transfer to NASA will continue. In 
collaboration with NASA and AMSAT-DL the modulation scheme will be 
changed to use Turbo coding. Both hardware and software is currently 
being designed by AMSAT-DL and will be used by the partner STEREO 
receiving stations worldwide. Our funding application is already 
approved. The project funding runs until the end of 2015.

The AMSAT-DL Marburg Lab will be preserved at least in medium term 
to be able to do work on P3-E and, should the situation arise, on 
the transponder of the mentioned geostationary satellite.

We pursue a near-term meeting with all P5 project team members to 
identify ways for a project continuation. The necessary procedures 
should be coordinated then.

Although we regret the DLR refusal of the P5 project (particularly 
because some DLR payload will not fly in any foreseeable time frame), 
and although it places serious challenges to AMSAT-DL, this is not 
the cancellation of a HEO amateur radio satellite. We will aggress-
ively follow up all potential possibilities. We hope to be able to 
report positively at the AMSAT-DL AGM in autumn.

Since the Marburg University's withdrawal from the ZEL, the surround-
ing conditions have changed significantly, again. However, we will 
do everything we can do to get an amateur satellite launched into HEO.

We do trust in our volunteers and members.

Peter Guelzow, DB2OS
Hartmut Paesler, DL1YDD
Michael R. Lengruesser, DD5ER

Editors Note: A video of the AMSAT-DL update given by Peter Guelzow, 
              DB2OS at the 2012 AMSAT-UK Colloquium can be viewed at:
              - Go to http://www.batc.tv/
              - Click on "Film Archive"
              - Select "AMSAT 2012" in the Category box and click 
                on Select Category
              - Select "04 - AMSAT-DL" in the Stream box and click 
                on Select Stream
              - Click the play button on the video player window

[ANS thanks Peter Guelzow, DB2OS; Hartmut Paesler, DL1YDD;  Michael 
 R. Lengruesser, DD5ER; and AMSAT-DL for the above information]


CubeSat Deployment From ISS Set for September 27

Five cubesats launched on July 21 and now aboard the ISS have been
integrated with the J-SSOD small satellite deployer on the the Jap-
anese Experiment Module, also known as Kibo. They will be deployed
with the Kibo robotic arm planned September 27, 2012.

First,  15:10-15:20 UTC: WE-WISH, RAIKO by Astronaut Akihiko Hoshide
Second, 16:30-16:40 UTC: TechEdSat, NanoRack/F-1, FITSAT-1 by JAXA GS

Satellite   Downlink           Beacon    Mode
---------   ----------------   -------   -----
FITSAT-1    437.445, 5.84GHz   437.250   FM,CW
WE WISH     437.505            437.505   SSTV,CW
RAIKO       2.2GHz, 13GHz      13GHz     38.4 - 500kbps
TechEdSat   437.465            437.465   CW
F-1         145.980            437.485   1200bps AFSK,FM,CW

Also, refer to the previous ANS bulletin on this topic at:

[ANS thanks Mineo Wakita, JE9PEL for the above information]


Dedicated University CubeSat Downlinks on the Table for ITU WRC-18

IARU Secretary Rod Stafford, W6ROD, reports that the IARU Adminis-
trative Council will meet in the next 45 days to address the agenda 
items for the 2015 World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-15).

Planning for the dedicated spectrum for university research cubesats
will begin for WRC-15 but the actual allocation of frequencies may
not occur until the 2018 World Radiocommunication Conference.

In an article posted on the ARRL web, Stafford noted, A lot of radio 
amateurs are aware of the increasing use of amateur spectrum by small 
satellites, mainly by universities. It is becoming an increasingly 
difficult situation to accommodate the number of small, non-commercial
satellites within the amateur bands. These education-based satellites 
do not really fit within the definition of the Amateur Radio Service, 
but have been accommodated there. These small satellites are categor-
ized as nanosatellites (weighing between 1-10 kg) and picosatellites 
(weighing less than 1 kg). The ITU is trying to deal with this issue 
in an orderly manner and a preliminary WRC-18 agenda item is to con-
sider whether these satellite operations can be accommodated in an 
already crowded radio spectrum. As these issues develop, the IARU will 
keep its Member-Societies, such as the ARRL, aware of developments.
with an eye to building the best strategy to deal with those agenda 
items in a way that is most favorable to the Amateur Radio Service."

Read the full article, including many other IARU agenda items at:

[ANS thanks the ARRL for the above information]


BUAA-SAT 435/145 MHz FM Amateur Radio Satellite Planned for 2014

BUAA-SAT is a university micro-satellite project developed by the 
students of Beihang University (Beijing University of Aeronautics 
and Astronautics). It carries an amateur radio 435/145 MHz FM voice 

The satellite has a mass of 30kg, dimensions of 30cm*30cm*50cm and 
aims to go into a 600-800 km Sun Synchronous Orbit (SSO) from Tai-
yuan in late 2014.

The primary missions are:
+ To study the application of COTS components used in the onboard 
  electronic system
+ To demonstrate the coilable mast deployment mechanism
+ To carry out imaging using three CMOS cameras

Moreover, it provides a 27dBm U/V FM voice transponder for the use 
of radio hams world-wide as well as a 20dBm CW beacon and a 27dBm 
AX.25 beacon also in the 145 MHz band.

BUAA-SAT website http://sat.buaa.edu.cn/
BUAA-SAT Group in Google English http://tinyurl.com/BUAA-SAT-Group

AMSAT-UK also posted an article and photos at:

[ANS thanks Southgate ARC and AMSAT-UK for the above information]


ARISS Rolls on With Successful School Contacts

News from the Amateur Radio on the International Space Station 
(ARISS) Status Report - September 17, 2012

Maroochydore, Queensland, Australia
Students attending Maroochydore State School in Maroochydore, Queens-
land, Australia participated in an Amateur Radio on the International 
Space Station (ARISS) contact on Wednesday, September 12 via tele-
bridge station VK4KHZ in Australia. Akihiko Hoshide, KE5DNI answered 
14 questions of the students before the ISS went over the horizon. 

Approximately 40 students and guests were in attendance and the con-
tact received coverage by radio, television and newspapers. The con-
tact was integrated into a comprehensive space curriculum, with les-
sons focused on the Venus Transit, the Juno mission and the Curios-
ity mission.

Dorado, Puerto Rico
An ARISS contact was held between Joe Acaba, KE5DAR on the ISS and 
Marcelino Canino Canino Middle School in Dorado, Puerto Rico on Wed-
nesday, September 12 via telebridge station K6DUE in Greenbelt, Mary-
land. The session was conducted in Spanish, with all 16 questions 
answered. The students are involved in a Microsatellite Hardware pro-
gram through which they design, build, launch, track and retrieve 
their microsatellites with the assistance of many local amateur radio 

Sindelfingen, Germany 
On Thursday, September 13, Sunita Williams, KD5PLB spoke with stu-
dents at the Gymnasium Unterrieden in Sindelfingen, Germany through 
an ARISS contact and answered their space-related questions. One hun-
dred people showed up for the event, including 4 media outlets. The 
audio was broadcasted via 2 amateur radio relays. The contact was 
integrated into several other amateur radio activities which includ-
ed the students preparing for entry level amateur radio licenses and 
building a satellite receiving station. Video has been posted: 

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland
A second ARISS contact that Akihiko Hoshide, KE5DNI took part in 
last week was with children at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Cen-
ter in Greenbelt, Maryland on Thursday, September 13.  The students 
had 21 questions answered during the ISS pass, and as the coordin-
ating person at Goddard had previously asked another astronaut for 
answers to the questions, the remaining students still received 
"official" answers to their questions. Nearly 100 people were in 
attendance, with 4 media cameras recording the event. Prince Geo-
rge's County Community TV reported on the event. See:

Oak Hill, Florida 
On Thursday, September 13, an ARISS contact was held between chil-
dren at the Burns Sci-Tech Charter School in Oak Hill, Florida and 
Sunita Williams KD5PLB on the ISS. Daytona Beach Amateur Radio Asso-
ciation supported the school in this endeavor. The contact was inte-
grated into lessons on radio waves, electricity, communications, 
geography and languages.

Kolo, Poland
Zespl Szkl Technicznych w Kole, Kolo, Poland participated in an
Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) contact on
Wednesday, September 19. Besides learning about space, amateur radio 
and satellite tracking in the classroom, students are also attending
lectures on astronautics, engineering and astronomy.  They are invol-
ved with related hands-on activities and competitions, with the win-
ners receiving the opportunity to question the ISS astronaut. In 
addition, the school is forming astronomy and amateur radio clubs 
for the youth. The event was  broadcast live on: 

San Diego, California 
An Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) contact
was completed with Sunset Hills Elementary School in San Diego, Cali-
fornia on Thursday, September 20 at 17:24 UTC.  Students are learning 
about the radio and space through age-appropriate hands-on activities. 
NASA education Web site materials are being used and guest speakers 
from the local Amateur Radio club will give a presentation to the 

LaFayette, Georgia 
Lafayette Middle School, La Fayette, Georgia completed an Amateur 
Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) contact on Friday, 
September 21. The school used the ARISS contact to promote the areas 
of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics within its en-
tire system. It arranged for Skype interviews with guests for the 
ARISS event: Dr. Rob Suggs and Dr. Bill Cooke of Marshall Space Flight 
Center in Huntsville, Alabama; Cristi Whitworth, Educational Director 
for Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute; and Dr. June Scobee Rod-
gers, Founding Chair of the Challenger Center at the University of 
Tennessee at Chattanooga.

[ANS thanks Carol Jackson, KB3LKI for the above information]


NASA Offers Opportunity to Use Communications Testbed on ISS

The SCAN testbed is a communications, navigation and networking 
demonstration platform based on the STRS. The experimental platform 
began its initial checkout activities on the space station August 13 
and will operate for as long as three years.

NASA is announcing opportunities for academia, industry and govern-
ment agencies to develop and carry out research and technology demon-
strations on the International Space Station using the newly install-
ed Space Communications and Navigation (SCAN) testbed.

There are two announcements of opportunity. The SCAN Testbed Experi-
ment Opportunity invites industry and other government agencies to 
enter into Space Act Agreements with NASA to use the space station's 
SCAN platform.

The SCAN Testbed Cooperative Agreement Notice invites academia to 
develop proposals to use the orbiting laboratory's SCAN testbed re-
search capabilities. NASA expects the first demonstrations by late 
2013 or early 2014.

These opportunities will allow researchers to develop new software 
according to the Space Telecommunications Radio Standard (STRS) arch-
itecture for radios and reconfigure how radios communicate in space.

Experiments will provide waveforms and software components to the 
STRS waveform repository and enable future hardware platforms to 
use common reusable software modules. These new capabilities could 
enable greater scientific return from future NASA missions.

Details and specifications are available from NASA:
http://tinyurl.com/SCAN-Testbed (nasa.gov)

[ANS thanks NASA and Space-Travel.com for the above information]


Satellite Shorts From All Over

+ AMSAT's Keeper of the Keps, Ray Hoad, WA5QGD reports that the 
  ELaNa cubesats launched 9/17/2012 have been added to this week's 
  KEPs: AENEAS - Cat #38760; CSSWE - Cat #38761; CP5 - Cat #38763

+ Photos and a video of the Atlas launch from Vandenberg can be 
  viewed at: http://spaceflightnow.com/atlas/av033/  This launch 
  carried satellites for the National Reconnaissance Office. Also
  aboard this flight at four cubesats as part of ELaNa IV mission 
  and seven cubesats for government missions. 

+ A photo of the Soyuz TMA-04M spacecraft as it lands with Expedi-
  tion 32 Commander Gennady Padalka of Russia, NASA Flight Engineer 
  Joe Acaba and Russian Flight Engineer Sergie Revin in a remote 
  area near the town of Arkalyk, Kazakhstan, on September 17 can
  be seen at: http://spaceref.com/news/viewsr.html?pid=42064

+ NASA Explorer Schools is offering students in grades 4-12 an oppor-
  tunity to ask questions of Bob Cabana, astronaut and Director of 
  NASA's Kennedy Space Center. Join the video chat on Sept. 25, 2012, 
  from 1-1:45 p.m. EDT to ask Cabana questions about his education, 
  astronaut training, living and working in space and the future of 
  space exploration. Students do not need to be in a school partici-
  pating in the NASA Explorer Schools project in order to ask ques-
  tions during this video chat. Submit questions during the chat 
  through a chat window, or send them to: 
  To learn more about NES, visit http://www/explorerschools.nasa.gov.
  For more information and to view the video chat, visit:
  http://tinyurl.com/explorer-chat (nasa.gov)
+ NASA has announced their "Space Place Prime," the new NASA maga-
  zine for iPad. This free, brand new app gathers some of the best 
  and most recent Web offerings from NASA. It taps engrossing arti-
  cles from The Space Place website, enlightening NASA videos and 
  daily images such as the Astronomy Picture of the Day and the NASA 
  Earth Observatory Image of the Day. For more information about the 
  new magazine, visit http://spaceplace.nasa.gov/ios/. (iPad is a reg-
  istered trademarks of Apple Inc.)

+ The Houston AMSAT Net meets every Wednesday at 0100z (this is Tues-
  day evening in North America) on Echolink - Conference *AMSAT* . 
  The MP3 audio is also streamed http://www.amsatnet.com. After the
  net a Podcast is available at:
  http://www.amsatnet.com/podcast.xml or iTunes

+ The next Hudson Valley Satcom net date is Thursday, September 27,
  8 PM EDT (UTC-4 UTC) on the 146.97 MHz MBARC Repeater (PL 100). An
  echolink connection is available on the N2EYH-L node. More informa-
  tion at: http://www.hvsatcom.org. (Stu, WA2BSS)

+ The Canadian Space Agency announced that a British Columbia arti-
  san-made organic cereal is one of 12 Canadian foods to accompany 
  Canadian Astronaut and Mission 35 Commander Chris Hadfield on the 
  December space mission to the International Space Station where he 
  will live and work for six months as part of the crew. We wonder 
  how many students will ask how the crew is enjoying their cereal
  described at: http://spaceref.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=38629

+ How would you like to be famous? If you know any scientific, math,
  or electronics puns send them to k9jkm@amsat.org. The winners will
  occasionally be included in the ANS bulletins.

[ANS thanks everyone for the above information]



In addition to regular membership, AMSAT offers membership in the
President's Club. Members of the President's Club, as sustaining 
donors to AMSAT Project Funds, will be eligible to receive addi-
tional benefits. Application forms are available from the AMSAT 

Primary and secondary school students are eligible for membership 
at one-half the standard yearly rate. Post-secondary school students 
enrolled in at least half time status shall be eligible for the stu-
dent rate for a maximum of 6 post-secondary years in this status. 
Contact Martha at the AMSAT Office for additional student membership 
information. And with that, please keep in mind that programming today 
is a race between software engineers striving to build bigger and 
better idiot-proof programs, and the Universe trying to produce bigger 
and better idiots. So far, the Universe is winning.

This week's ANS Editor,
JoAnne Maenpaa, K9JKM
K9JKM at amsat dot org

Via the ANS mailing list courtesy of AMSAT-NA