[jamsat-news:3360] [ans] ANS-129 AMSAT News Service Weekly Bulletins

Joseph Spier wao vfr.net
2016ǯ 5 8 () 14:54:28 JST


AMSAT NEWS SERVICE
ANS-129
The AMSAT News Service bulletins are a free, weekly news and infor-
mation service of AMSAT North America, The Radio Amateur Satellite
Corporation. ANS publishes news related to Amateur Radio in Space
including reports on the activities of a worldwide group of Amateur
Radio operators who share an active interest in designing, building,
launching and communicating through analog and digital Amateur Radio
satellites.

The news feed on http://www.amsat.org publishes news of Amateur
Radio in Space as soon as our volunteers can post it.

Please send any amateur satellite news or reports to:
ans-editor at amsat.org.

In this edition:

* RadFxSat (Fox-1B) Launch Date
* Tomsk-TPU-120 Active On-board ISS May 10-11
* AMSAT at ARRL Nevada State Convention Last Weekend - report
* Contact Lost with SamSat-218D Nanosatellite
* Top 10 Reasons to Come to Dayton
* AMSAT at the Dayton Hamvention -- Last Call for Volunteers
* AIST-2D and SamSat-218D Satellites Launched
* No Need for Panic Regarding Synthetic Aperture Radars on
   70 Centimeters, ARRL CTO Says
* AMSAT Events
* ARISS News
* Satellite Shorts From All Over

SB SAT @ AMSAT $ANS-129.01
ANS-129 AMSAT News Service Weekly Bulletins

AMSAT News Service Bulletin 129.01
 >From AMSAT HQ KENSINGTON, MD.
DATE May 8, 2016
To All RADIO AMATEURS
BID: $ANS-129.01


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RadFxSat (Fox-1B) Launch Date


This week AMSAT Vice-President Engineering, Jerry Buxton, N0JY, said that
January 20, 2017 is the planned launch date for the RadFxSat (Fox-1B)
cubesat. This cubesat will fly with the Vanderbilt University radiation
experiments.

RadFxSat (Fox-1B) pre-launch frequencies include:

Uplink:    435.250 MHz FM  67.0 Hz CTCSS tone
Downlink:  145.960 MHz FM
(Frequencies may vary slightly after launch; changes will be announced)

The latest versions of the Fox-1 Operating Guide can be found on AMSAT's
Station and Operating Hints page at:
http://www.amsat.org/?page_id=2144

AMSAT pioneered the concept of small satellites in low orbits. AMSAT's
Project Fox consists of a series of cubesats that will provide FM
transponders with a 70 cm uplink with a 2 meter downlink that will match the
ground performance of previous FM satellites.

AMSAT is dedicated to keeping amateur radio in space. Its membership
includes a worldwide group of radio hams who monitor amateur radio satellite
signals and use satellites for QSOs. They also design and build the
satellites, and control them once in orbit.

Not a member of AMSAT yet?
You're invited to join on-line at:
http://store.amsat.org/catalog/index.php?cPath=32

Please consider making a donation to support the Fox-1 series of cubesats
using the links on the front page
http://www.amsat.org.


[ANS thanks AMSAT Vice-President Engineering, Jerry Buxton, N0JY, for the
above information]


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Tomsk-TPU-120 Active On-board ISS May 10-11


As part of Tomsk Polytechnic University 120th anniversary celebrations on
May 10-11, Tomsk-TPU-120 will be activated in the ISS and will transmit a
greeting to Earth inhabitants, recorded by students of the University in
10 languages: Russian, English, German, French, Chinese, Arabic, Tatar,
Indian, Kazakh, and Portuguese.

The 3U CubeSat was launched from Baikonur to the ISS on March 31, 2016 in
a Progress-MS-2 cargo vessel. It will be deployed by hand during a future
Russian spacewalk (EVA), so it has a handle. The satellite was
developed by students at the Tomsk Polytechnic University to test new space
materials technology and will be the worlds first space vehicle with a
3D-printed structure.

The Tomsk-TPU-120 satellite on-board the ISS will be activated May 10 from
07:55 UTC and switched off on May 11 at 10:10 UTC.

The satellite has been connected to an external ISS antenna and will 
transmit
messages of 20-30 seconds in 11 languages, then pause 1 minute on the
satellite's transmission frequency of 437.025 MHz. The ISS will 
simulcast the
signal utilizing ARISS equipment on a frequency of 145.800 MHz.
Reception reports from both the ISS and from the Tomsk-TPU-120 satellite 
are
requested from the international amateur radio community and should be sent
to Sergi at rv3dr  mail.ru

Amateurs are requested to refrain from transmitting on either frequency as
any transmissions would interfere with reception of the test transmissions.


[ANS thanks Sergi, RV3DR and ARISS for the above information]


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AMSAT at ARRL Nevada State Convention Last Weekend - report


AMSAT's long-time Area Coordinator in southern Nevada, Frank Kostelac
N7ZEV, along with his wife Linda KC7IIT, usually have a booth at these
events in Las Vegas and other locations in Nevada. With Linda working in a
variety of roles at the convention, Frank and I took care of the AMSAT
booth. Frank also had other convention-related tasks, and he was definitely
busy throughout the weekend. When I arrived at the convention Friday
afternoon, Frank had the booth ready to go. I set out some flyers, some
equipment, and spent most of the weekend around the booth.

The day before I arrived in Las Vegas, the region had a big rainstorm.
Another storm blew through southern Nevada on Saturday morning, which made
travel around Las Vegas a mess, and washed out my plans for demonstrations
at the convention. Instead of being outside in the rain, I had set up a
couple of tablets to run videos of past demonstrations, show off SatPC32,
and show what software-defined receivers can do. Frank and I talked almost
non-stop for the weekend. I posted photos from the convention throughout
the weekend on my @WD9EWK Twitter feed. If you want to see those photos,
but don't do Twitter, you can get to the photos with a web browser at:

http://twitter.com/WD9EWK/media

Just because there was rain that washed out the demonstrations I planned to
do at the convention, that didn't ruin plans for me to work satellites from
Nevada. I'll post a separate message describing my operating from around
Las Vegas and while driving to and from Las Vegas.

I have to thank Frank and Linda for letting me help with the AMSAT booth
over the weekend. I had asked Frank about this convention a while back, and
I am glad I made the trip. The NVCON organizers were all friendly, and the
crowds were good, despite the Saturday rain. There were a bunch of people
who came over from California, and a few from Arizona that I also saw. I
will seriously consider heading back to Las Vegas the next time this event
takes place up there.


[ANS thanks Patrick, WD9EWK/VA7EWK for the above information]


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Contact Lost with SamSat-218D Nanosatellite


The tiny nanosatellite SamSat-218, which was launched from the Vostochny
Cosmodrome on April 28, has failed to establish radio contact with mission
control, several Russian media outlets are reporting. According to Interfax
news agency, although the spacecraft was placed into orbit as planned, it is
sending only fragmentary signals to Earth.

Currently, fragmentary Morse code signals are being heard coming from the
nanosatellite, against the background of the noise during the 
satellites pass
over the receiving station, Interfax said in a press release.

SamSat-218, built by the Samara State Aerospace University (SSAU), is a two-
unit CubeSat with a mass of only 8.8 pounds (4 kilograms) and an additional
empty one-unit compartment for aerodynamic stabilization. The tiny 
spacecraft
was designed to demonstrate attitude stabilization by using aerodynamic 
forces.
It was expected to develop algorithms necessary for nanosatellite 
orientation
control.

The nanosatellite was launched along with the Mikhailo Lomonosov 
(MVL-300) and
Aist-2D spacecraft atop a Soyuz-2.1a rocket from Vostochny on the 
Cosmodromes
opening mission. The flight, lasting several hours, ended in the 
separation of
the satellites from the launch vehicle. However, after SamSat-218 was placed
into orbit, it started to spin around rapidly and probably failed to 
switch on.

There are currently no sufficient grounds to believe the nanosatellite
established contact. There were fragmentary weak signals at the frequency of
145.870 MHz against a background of noises when the nanosatellite was in the
area of [radio visibility] of the ground control center, which cant be with
confidence interpreted as signals from the satellite, Igor Belokonov, 
the head
of the SamSat-218 project told TASS.

The designers of the satellite are currently analyzing the data received in
order to understand the nature of the problem and look for possible 
solutions.

According to Belokonov, the student mission control center of SSAU is
continuing with attempts to receive signals from the satellite during passes
above Samara.

The satellite is equipped with a radio beacon, which transmits the word
SamSat-218. Russias radio enthusiasts are also engaged in the 
activities to
help establish contact with the satellite when it is in the area of the 
antenna
systems coverage.

Read more at
http://www.spaceflightinsider.com/organizations/roscosmos/russia-loses-
contact-with-its-nanosatellite-launched-from-vostochny/


[ANS thanks Bernhard, VA6BMJ and Spaceflightinsider.com for the above
information]


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Top 10 Reasons to Come to Dayton


10. Rub shoulders with 25,000 of your best friends at the largest hamfest in
the United States, including all of the AMSAT Directors and senior 
officers.
See the latest equipment from Icom, Yaesu, Kenwood, Flex, Alinco, M2, Arrow,
and many other manufacturers of amateur radio equipment and 
accessories.  Take
advantage of discounted pricing you won't find anywhere else.

9. Find out how to organize a contact with the astronauts on the 
International
Space Station for your local school or youth group from our Education 
and ARISS
experts.

8. Pickup the latest AMSAT golf shirts, T-shirts, and hats.  Get your 
copy of
the updated "Amateur Satellite Frequency Guide" (laminated frequency 
chart) and
Gould Smith's just revised "Getting Started with Amateur Satellites" 
(book).
We'll also have assembled wide-band preamps and antennas that are great for
portable operation.

7. See demonstrations of SatPC32 and MacDoppler satellite tracking software,
and get your operational questions answered.  Meet Don Agro, author of
MacDoppler (Friday & Saturday, 2-3 p.m.).  See a demonstration of the LVB
Tracker, a computer interface to the Yaesu azimuth-elevation rotors.  
Talk with
Mike Young, who has built more LVB Trackers than anyone else. Assembled LVB
Trackers will be available.

6. Hear a team presentation at the joint AMSAT/TAPR dinner on the new AMSAT
Ground Terminal (AGT).  AGT is using Five and Dime (5 GHz uplink, 10 GHz
downlink) technology that is being developed for the Phase 3E (P3E) HEO
satellite, the Phase 4B (P4B) geosynchronous satellite, and the Cube Quest
Challenge (CQC) lunar mission.  While much of the P3E and P4B *satellite*
development is classified, the AGT is all open source and public 
information.

5. Hear the latest on the *five* Fox satellites, P3E, P4B, CQC, the
International Space Station, other current and future satellites, education
news, and an AMSAT update at the AMSAT Forum Saturday, from 11:15 to 1:30.

4. Get one-on-one guidance on setting up your satellite station and making
contacts at our "Beginner's Corner".  Witness live demonstrations of 
contacts
through satellites AO-7, AO-73, AO-85, FO-29, SO-50, XW-2A, XW-2C, and XW-2F
using handheld antennas.

3. Meet and interact with some of the Engineering Team members working 
on the
Fox-1 satellites and our new Five and Dime AMSAT ground terminal. Learn 
all of
the public information and get breaking news on the Virginia Tech plans 
for the
Phase 3E and Phase 4B satellites.

2. Get satellite station and operating tips from some of the best satellite
operators in the country, including John Papay K8YSE (1,575 grids 
confirmed),
Doug Papay KD8CAO (1,159 grids), Drew Glasbrenner KO4MA (1,343 grids), Paul
Stoetzer (450 grids), and Wyatt Dirks AC0RA (938 grids).

1. Receive special premiums when you join or renew your AMSAT membership at
Dayton, including an updated "Amateur Satellite Frequency Guide" (laminated
frequency chart), and special pricing on the SatPC32 satellite tracking
software.


[ANS thanks Steve Belter, N9IP, Dayton Team Leader for the above 
information]


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AMSAT at the Dayton Hamvention -- Last Call for Volunteers


The Dayton Hamvention is less than two weeks away, May 20-22!

If youve been waiting to volunteer until youd firmed up your plans, we
need to hear from you ASAP!

If you're an experienced satellite operator, we can use you and your
experience.  If you've never operated a satellite before, we can use your
help too. Whether you're available for only a couple of hours or if you
can spend the entire weekend with us, your help would be greatly 
appreciated.

Please send an e-mail to Steve, n9ip  amsat.org if you can help. Thank you!


[ANS thanks Steve Belter, N9IP, Dayton Team Leader for the above 
information]


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AIST-2D and SamSat-218D Satellites Launched


Two Russian satellites AIST-2D and SamSat-218D operating in the Amateur
bands were launched on April 28, 2016 at 02:01 UT on a Soyuz 2-1A launch
vehicle from the new Vostochny Cosmodrome located in the Amur Oblast. The
satellites were placed into a  471 km  485 km orbit with a 97.3 
inclination.

AIST-2D weighs 500 kg and is a technology demonstration and scientific
research satellite developed at Samara Aerospace University.

The 3U CubeSat SamSat-218 was developed by students at the Samara State
University and weighs just 4 kg.

Frequency information from Dmitry R4UAB

http://r4uab.ru/?p=11842

AIST-2D / RS-48 Downlinks
• 435.3065 – 435.3235 MHz Telemetry Data
• 435.3565 – 435.3735 MHz Telemetry Data
• 433 – 438 MHz 200 watt Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
• 8025 – 8393 MHz Remote Sensing Data

http://spaceflight101.com/soyuz-lomonosov/aist-2d/

SamSat-218D
• 145.870 MHz Morse CW beacon transmits “SamSat-218D” every 150 seconds
(or 30 seconds)
• 145.850 – 145.890 MHz TRXSSAU downlink
• 435.590 – 435.610 MHz TRXSSAU uplink

http://spaceflight101.com/soyuz-lomonosov/samsat-218d/

Russian post on SamSat-218D
http://zelenyikot.livejournal.com/94190.html
Google English translation
https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=auto&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2
Fzelenyikot.livejournal.com%2F94190.html&sandbox=1

432-438 MHz was allocated to the Earth Exploration Satellite Service
(Active) at WRC-03

https://www.itu.int/dms_pubrec/itu-r/rec/sa/R-REC-SA.1260-1-200305-S!!PDF-E.pdf

September 2003 issue of QST magazine has an article on page 44 by VE3PU on
satellite-based Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) in 432-438 MHz (ARRL members
only)

http://p1k.arrl.org/pubs_archive/104721


[ANS thanks AMSAT-UK for the above information]


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No Need for Panic Regarding Synthetic Aperture Radars on
70 Centimeters, ARRL CTO Says


A recent BBC news article regarding a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) 
contract
award for operation within the 70 centimeter band has raised some concern
within the Amateur Radio community. The contract to Airbus Space would 
involve
determining the density of Earths forests using a P-band (432-438 MHz) SAR.
That band segment was allocated for use by the Earth Exploration Satellite
(Active) Service at World Radiocommunication Conference 2003 (WRC-03). ARRL
Chief Technology Officer Brennan Price, N4QX, said SAR activity has not been
found to be a significant problem to Amateur Radio activity on the 70
centimeter band. Both EESS (Active) and Amateur Radio are secondary on 
the band
in International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Regions 2 and 3 (Amateur 
Radio
is co-primary with the Radiolocation Service in ITU Region 1), and Price 
said
SAR operation is subject to significant constraints.

The interference potential from one orbiting SAR to one fixed Amateur Radio
station is on the order of less than 1 minute over an orbital period of more
than 10 days, Price said. Practically speaking, nearby electrical 
lines and
Part 15 devices are more likely to be bothersome.

Price said news items in articles aimed at the general public are often
notoriously short” on technical details. ITU-R Recommendation RS.1260-11 —
incorporated by reference in the ITU Radio Regulations and binding on EESS
(Active) stations — spells out the WRC-03 consensus on SARs operating at 70
centimeters. Among other things, RS.1260-1 states that EESS (Active)
instruments operation profile shall be campaign-oriented, targeted to 
specific
geographical areas and shall limit the instrument active time to the minimum
required to achieve the campaign objectives. Thus, the measurements 
carried out
by the instrument do not require continuous operation of the instrument, and
intervals of months between successive measurements on the same area can be
expected. The Recommendation further states that the operational duty 
cycle of
an SAR in campaign mode will be 15 percent (typically 10 percent).

A Russian satellite, AIST-2D, launched on April 28, will conduct SAR 
work as a
technology demonstration and scientific research satellite developed at 
Samara
Aerospace University. Its 200 W SAR will operate in the 433-438 MHz band. It
will also transmit telemetry in the 70 centimeter band.

http://www.arrl.org/news/view/no-need-for-panic-regarding-synthetic-
aperture-radars-on-70-centimeters-arrl-cto-says


[ANS thanks the ARRL and Trevor, M5AKA for the above information]


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AMSAT Events


Information about AMSAT activities at other important events around
the country.  Examples of these events are radio club meetings where
AMSAT Area Coordinators give presentations, demonstrations of working
amateur satellites, and hamfests with an AMSAT presence (a table with
AMSAT literature and merchandise, sometimes also with presentations,
forums, and/or demonstrations).

*Saturday, 14 May 2016 – Matanuska Amateur Radio Association Hamfest in
Wasilla AK

*Friday, Saturday, & Sunday, 20-22 May - HamVention at Harra Arena Dayton,
Ohio

*Saturday, 4 June 2016 – White Mountain Hamfest in Show Low AZ

*Saturday, 13 August 2016 – KL7KC Hamfest in Fairbanks AK


[ANS thanks AMSAT-NA for the above information]


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ARISS News


Successful Contacts

* A direct contact via GB1APS with students at Ashfield Primary School,
Otley, West Yorkshire, UK, was successful Thu 2016-05-05 08:08:09 UTC
46 deg. Astronaut Timothy Peake, KG5BVI answered 16 questions for an
audience of  200 students.

Ashfield Primary School is in Otley, West Yorkshire, a historic market town
to the north west of Leeds. The school has a fantastic semi-rural location
with extensive grounds encompassing a playground, school field, wildlife
area, magic garden and a specific outdoor area for Early Years. The school
is a community primary school with one form entry. We have 240 children
aged 3 to 11.

Ashfield is also the site for the North West Leeds Area Inclusions
Partnerships Learning Support Center. The Orchard Center educates pupils
from the area who are experiencing difficulties  which affect their 
learning.

Our vision is that children, parents and carers, staff and governors work
actively together to ensure children receive a rich inspiring and engaging
education enabling each child to become lifelong learners, aspiring to high
standards of achievement in all areas of their life. As part of this rich
inspiring and engaging education, pupils run a stall at the annual Otley
Science Festival and recently hosted a space themed Science, Technology,
Engineering and Maths festival within the school.  All Ashfield classes ran
stalls to inform, challenge and entertain each other.  We had visitors from
all seven local schools, who designed informative exhibitions to share.
Exhibitors also came from Otley Amateur Radio Society, Leeds University,
The Radio Society of Great Britain, Bradford Astronomy Society and Eureka
Museum and worked with the children on STEM related topics.  Dr Marty 
Jopson
also created and presented a space related science show in the evening.

* All Saints STEAM Academy (AS2A), Middletown, Rhode Island, direct via 
N1ASA
The ISS callsign was NA1SS
The astronaut was Jeff Williams KD5TVQ
Contact was successful: Fri 2016-05-06 16:43:47 UTC

The contact went well, all 24 questions were answered and there was still
time for a 73 Round.

An exceptional video is at:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oTkq5btNW_U


Upcoming Contacts

* A direct contact via GB1OSM with students at The Kings School, Ottery St
Mary, Devon, UK, is scheduled for Mon 2016-05-09  09:26:30 UTC 62 deg The
scheduled  astronaut is Timothy Peake KG5BVI. Watch for HamTV during this
contact.

The Kings School is an 11-18 comprehensive school with approximately 1150
students of which 230 are in the Sixth Form. It has a long and proud history
that can be traced back to a fourteenth century choir school which was 
replaced
in 1545 by Henry VIII in 1545 with The Kings School.

Although The Kings School became an academy in 2011 we continue to work in
close partnership with Devon County Council and our fellow secondary 
schools to
ensure that we offer the best educational opportunities possible. Our 
inclusive
philosophy of Achievement for All encapsulates our belief that every 
person
who enters The Kings School has unique skills and potential which we 
believe
we have the creativity and ability to unlock.

We were graded Outstanding by OfSTED in 2011, and in the latest 2014 OfSTED
inspection we were again graded Outstanding but this time in every category.
The report endorsed the schools belief that its ethos has a hugely positive
impact on student achievement.

We are extremely proud of our students and of the brilliant examination
results they achieve year on year.  However, we are also incredibly proud of
the myriad of extra-curricular activities in which they are involved. This
richness of opportunity is central to what we believe develops our students
into well rounded young people. We are very much a community school, working
very closely with our hugely supportive parents, Governors, excellent 
partner
primary schools, local business representatives and a wide range of other
agencies to provide opportunities for all.

* A  telebridge contact via K6DUE  with students at H.A.L. School, Lucknow,
India is scheduled for Thu 2016-05-12 08:11:20 UTC 79 deg. The scheduled
astronaut is Tim Kopra KE5UDN.

Nestled in cozy, lush green and safe sphere is the prestigious education hub
HAL School has inscribed a saga of success!  Installed in 1974, the 
school has
come a long way. The visionary founders dreamed of an ideal and prosperous
institution whose torch bearers and pupils would write a history of academic
excellence besides versatility in additional activities. Teachers burnt
midnight oil and left no stone unturned and the students responded with 
equal
dedication and brought laurels. Being a member of HAL factory, school
frequently bore the responsibility of hosting memorable guests from 
Russia and
celebrities like first Indian astronaut Wg.cdr Rakesh Sharma (Retd), 
President
(Late) APJ Abdul Kalam etc.

The school not only organized but also participated in major events 
organized
by HAL Factory year by year. The recent activity which has caught 
momentum is
ARISS (Amateur Radio on the International Space Station) which is active all
the world over and now has come as a great opportunity for HAL School to 
be the
first in state (Uttar Pradesh) to contact with International Space 
Station and
eminent astronauts, participate in seminars, presentations and workshops and
associate themselves with radio academically. The School has been 
involved in
many Amateur Radio activities like Amateur radio demonstration for students,
JOTA for Scouts & Guides etc. There were 6 students who took the Amateur 
Radio
licenses during their studies in school.

Workshops by eminent counselors/experts/guest faculty/agencies from various
fields benefited the students in personality development and career
counseling/awareness/advice. Year by year the number of such sessions has
multiplied and continues till date. The concrete and farsighted plans and
strategies are being worked upon. Innovation, modification, changes and
publicity efforts are on to make better the things. The improved education,
basic facilities, performance of both teacher and taught, inclusion of 
teachers
training/orientation programs are in pipe line for makeover of the school.

* A telebridge contact via W6SRJ with students at AstroNuts Kids Space Club
Academy, Duncan Observatory, Richmond Hill, Ontario, Canada, is 
scheduled for
Sat 2016-05-14 17:37:12 UTC 33 deg. The  scheduled astronaut is Timothy 
Peake
KG5BVI.

The Whats up in Space Camp & STEM Contest was created by a 13 year-old,
Brett Bielecki and father Ray, 5 years ago in order to ignite the 
curiosities
of hundreds of elementary school children to learn about all things space.
Our volunteer-based space camp is held at the world famous David Dunlap
Observatory in Richmond Hill Ontario where the children are engaged and
inspired by 20 volunteer space educators, multiple Skype guests and 
educational
activities in a fun and educational setting. The childrens STEM contest 
brings
together dozens of innovative future astronauts, scientists educators and
engineers in the spirit of competition. Our space camp was launched 
because of
the high interest for space education by elementary school students, their
parents and teachers when they recognized the value of the AstroNuts kids
space club."

Watch
http://www.ariss.org/upcoming-contacts.html
for information about upcoming contacts as they are scheduled.


[ANS thanks ARISS, Dave, AA4KN, and Charlie, AJ9N for the above information]


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Satellite Shorts From All Over


Biomass 432-438 MHz Synthetic Aperture Radar Satellite

BBC News report: UK wins satellite contract to 'weigh' Earth's forests with
P-Band 432-438 MHz Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-36195562

BBC news story says P-Band 432-438 MHz Synthetic Aperture Radar has never
before been flown in space - this is not strictly true as AIST-2D launched
a few days ago carries one.

[ANS thanks Trevor, M5AKA for the above information]


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/EX

In addition to regular membership, AMSAT offers membership in the
President's Club. Members of the President's Club, as sustaining
donors to AMSAT Project Funds, will be eligible to receive addi-
tional benefits. Application forms are available from the AMSAT
Office.

Primary and secondary school students are eligible for membership
at one-half the standard yearly rate. Post-secondary school students
enrolled in at least half time status shall be eligible for the stu-
dent rate for a maximum of 6 post-secondary years in this status.
Contact Martha at the AMSAT Office for additional student membership
information.

73,
This week's ANS Editor,
Joe Spier, K6WAO
k6wao at amsat dot org
_______________________________________________
Via the ANS mailing list courtesy of AMSAT-NA
http://www.amsat.org/mailman/listinfo/ans




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